Odour treatment in sewage tunnel ventilation ducts Case Study: Izmir Wastewater Plant (Turkey) Project Description BION's distributor for municipal, biogas and odor treatment applications in Turkey, Biotek, has recently won a contract to supply equipment and filter media for odor abatement from ventilation ducts in wastewater tunnels in the municipality of Izmir, managed by IZSU. These tunnels are used to remove stale air in subway areas and replace it with fresh air, and are common in mines and wastewater plants. A wide variety of malodorous contaminants are present in these gases. Depending on the O2 content and the turnover rate, the compounds present can range from aldehydes, ketones or inorganic compounds such as NH3 or H2S, to the really problematic ones from anoxic processes such as dimethylsulfide, dimethyldisulfide, mercaptans, especially problematic because of low detection levels. The ventilation duct is 3.6 m in diameter. There are two aeration shafts in the tunnel, whose dimensions are 2.5x4 m and are closed with AISI 316L lids. The gas stream is passed through a tank packed with filter media in order to release contaminant-free air. Odour problems generally appear between August and September. Characterization of the gas stream Biotek analyzed the composition of the vent effluent in order to find the most accurate solution in terms of filter media selection. The results revealed H2S concentrations and NH3 concentrations in the range of 1 to 5 ppmv, O2 content around 20% v v-1, while CO2 was measured at lower levels than in air. Interestingly, CH4 was measured at concentrations of about 0.5% v v-1, which may indicate a lack of O2 in certain areas of the duct. Solution After studying the composition and concentration of the odorous stream, as well as the design of the installation, Biotek with advice from BION, suggested the following proposal for tanks and filter media: - BION ACPA in the bottom layer to remove NH3. - Mixture of BIONSIGMA and BIONISORB to remove H2S and low molecular weight volatile organic compounds. It is important to note that the proposed solution has a higher capacity due to the presence of O2, which helps the BIONSIGMA to self-regenerate, prolonging the autonomy of the unit. Descriptions of the filter media BION ACPA is an adsorbent media impregnated with phosphoric acid. It has been widely used in applications involving odors and irritating gases associated with printers, fertilizers, cleaning products, urine and fish processing. BION ISORB is designed to successfully target a wide range of gases. It is especially recommended for the control of acid gases, nitrogen containing compounds, sulfur compounds and low molecular weight gases. BIONISORB uses a combination of two processes for contaminant removal. One of a physical nature, trapping the molecules inside the pellet due to its large internal surface area and a second by chemical oxidation. The oxidized gases are converted into harmless products. A particularity of BIONISORB is that it maintains its effectiveness even in the treatment of streams with relative humidity contents above 95%. This filter media is commonly used in applications such as wastewater treatment plants, pulp and paper plants, airports, chemical plants, refineries or laser cutting and engraving plants. BION SIGMA is a filter media especially suitable for H2S adsorption, consisting of an extruded pellet composed of a porous material and Fe(OH)3 iron hydroxide. Hydrogen sulfide is removed from the gas stream according to the following reaction: 2 Fe(OH)3 + 3 H2S ® 2 FeS + 1/8 S8 + 6 H2O The generation of ferrous sulfide, FeS, changes the original color of the pellet from yellowish to blackish, indicating that the media has been consumed. Once exhausted, the media can be regenerated with air and the following reaction takes place: 2 FeS + 3/2 O2 + 3 H2O ® 2 Fe (OH)3 + 1/4 S8. No H2S is released during the regeneration process. Considering that one cycle is defined as the completion of these two reactions, BIONSIGMA can undergo at least 10 cycles before its total exhaustion, each cycle results in the removal of 45 mg H2S per gram of BIONSIGMA which means that the total removal capacity is approximately 450 mg H2S / g of filter media. In the absence of oxygen, BIONSIGMA shows a higher H2S adsorption capacity than a caustic impregnated activated carbon. On the other hand, the spent activated carbon cannot be regenerated and must therefore be discarded after a single cycle. The main application of BIONSIGMA is the removal of H2S in gas streams under anaerobic conditions, e.g. for biogas desulfurization. However, depending on the O2 content, BIONSIGMA can be used for the treatment of low H2S concentrations, as in this application, where the depletion and regeneration processes take place at the same time.READ MORE »
Controlling odor problems in sewage collectors and wastewater treatment plants is currently one of the main objectives to reduce and prevent potential problems related to worker safety and minimize the negative social perception that odor problems can generate. The main sources of odor generation in WWTPs are the phases in anaerobic conditions, where the lack of oxygen favors the development of sulfate-reducing bacteria that use the sulfates present in the system and reduce them to H2S, in collectors and pumping stations. BIOCONSERVACION recently signed a contract with SIMTEJO (Grupo Águas de Portugal) for the replacement of filter media in several pumping stations located in Lisbon (Portugal). The objective of the project was to reduce H2S levels below 1 ppmv. SIMTEJO is a reference company in Portugal whose main strategic objective is to control the pollution of water resources. Therefore, the collection and treatment of pollutants generated in domestic and industrial activities, the protection of water resources and the guarantee that water returns to nature free of pollutants are its main objectives. SIMTEJO aims to contribute to the well-being of about 1.5 million people in a geographical area of 1000 km2. Pumping station characteristics All the pumping stations present a spectrum of pollutants very similar in type and concentration, which are notably increased during the summer season. - The pumping stations are installed outdoors, with the exception of some that are underground due to their sensitive urban location. - The purification systems that have been implemented are basically standard upflow reactors. However, in some pumping stations, where higher flows are treated, Split type reactors have been installed in order to achieve better performance. Characterization of emissions in pumping stations Emissions generated in pumping stations normally contain a large number of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), H2S concentrations in the range of 10-30 ppmv, as well as other pollutants such as NH3 or mercaptans among others, depending on the nature of the wastewater. Occasionally, H2S concentration peaks of up to 100-200 ppmv can be measured. The objective is to reduce H2S concentration levels below 1 ppmv, as well as the rest of the malodorous contaminants. Solution Considering the nature of the emissions we are dealing with, BION carb OX was chosen as the most suitable media for the case, due to a number of advantages: - BION Carb OX consists of a combination of very high quality wood activated carbon and a unique blend of inorganic catalytic phases, which enables an extraordinarily high H2S adsorption capacity to be achieved (80 kg H2S/100 kg BION Carb OX). - Unlike other products, BION Carb OX does not convert H2S to sulfuric acid (H2SO4), which could lead to corrosion problems in equipment and make it difficult to dispose of the waste generated. - Instead, the active centers of the metal oxides in BION Carb OX catalytically convert H2S to sulfur (S). The sulfur then migrates and accumulates in the micropores of the activated carbon. Consequently, the metal oxides are again available to oxidize new H2S molecules. - BION Carb OX also performs very well in the removal of other acid gases such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) or hydrogen chloride (HCl). In addition, it is a remarkably effective means of removing some VOCs that may be present in the gas stream to be treated. - Unlike in the case of impregnated coals, the presence of high concentrations of CO2 does not affect the H2S absorption capacity. - Minimization of the risk of fire, due to the very high ignition temperature of the product (420 ºC). In summary, BION Carb OX is an ideal product for use in wastewater treatment plants due to its high H2S adsorption capacity, as well as its good performance with other malodorous compounds such as methyl mercaptan and some VOCs. Other applications include refineries, paper industry, pumping stations and sludge tanks. In-service media evaluation BION continues to work with the end customer after the solution has been implemented and verifies the result. By evaluating the remaining capacity of the media it is possible to re-optimize the process in order to obtain the maximum profitability of the installation. Moreover, BION tracks the evolution of several key operating parameters by means of versatile sensors that can be easily placed in the reactors. With the data collected, BION is able to re-adapt and re-optimize the process on a facility-specific basis. This strengthens the customer-supplier relationship, which results in technical improvements to the facility itself.READ MORE »
Project Description BION has recently been awarded the supply of high capacity odour removal filter media for two deodorization systems at a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) located in the Canadian capital, Ottawa. The Robert O. Pickard Environmental Centre (ROPEC) is located in the east end of the city, right next to the Ottawa River. Using an extensive sewer network, it collects all wastewater from urban and industrial areas between Stittsville, Orleans and Manotick. The ROPEC WWTP treats an average of 390 million liters of wastewater per day, generating 39 tons of dry biosolids per day, which are used as agricultural fertilizer. The ROPEC treatment plant has a significant number of carbon-packed tanks to purify all the polluted streams generated in different areas of the plant. They are all vertical fixed beds, packed with filtering granules supported on fiber-reinforced plastic grids (Figure 1). The media tanks were originally designed for in situ regeneration (using water and caustic solutions). However, regeneration is an arduous process and the filter media tended to lose, on average, 70% of its initial capacity. In order to obtain an optimal solution, the City of Ottawa launched a tender for the supply of activated carbon, determining a number of criteria (capacity, odor removal efficiency, surface area, pore size distribution, bulk density, etc...). After evaluating all the bidders, Chemco Inc, Bioconservacion's Canadian distributor, was awarded the contract to supply the replacement filter granules for the deodorization of the Pretreatment zone (grids) and Biosolids. Characterization of Wastewater Treatment Plant Emissions Typical gaseous emissions at a WWTP include a large number of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), H2S at concentrations between 10 - 50 ppmv, reduced sulfur compounds and other pollutants such as NH3 or mercaptans among others. Depending on the nature of the wastewater and the area of the plant, the concentration of the contaminants can vary in composition and concentration. The objective of this project was to reduce H2S concentration levels to concentrations below 1 ppmv, as well as decreasing concentrations of the other odorous pollutants. The ROPEC WWTP deodorization tanks can be divided into three main areas, where the composition of the streams is assumed to be similar. This consideration was carried out assuming a relative humidity of at least 90% and a temperature between 10 - 30 ° C. The areas considered and the requirements of the granulates without the following: Pretreatment Zones: require granulates with high capacity for the removal of H2S, reduced sulfur compounds (mainly DMS, DMDS, MM) and a wide variety of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Biosolids Zone: requires granulates with high affinity for H2S, reduced sulfur compounds (mainly DMS, DMDS, MM), volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ammonia / amines. Solution After studying the composition and concentration of the flows to be treated, as well as the design of existing facilities, Bioconservacion proposes the following solution: - Pretreatment zones: 100% BION Carb OX. - Biosolids Zone: 75% BION Carb OX and 25% BION ACPA. It is important to note that the proposed solution does not require any regeneration, which simplifies the operation of the purification systems. Description of the filtering granulates: BION ACPA consists of a carbon impregnated with an acidic compound for the reduction of basic contaminants, such as ammonia or amines. BION carb OX consists of a high quality wood activated carbon and a unique blend of inorganic catalytic phases, which allows an extraordinarily high H2S adsorption capacity up to values of 80% w/w (80 kg H2S/half kg 100). Compared to other products, BION carb Ox does not convert H2S into sulfuric acid (H2SO4), which could cause corrosion problems in equipment. The active metal oxide centers of BION Carb OX convert H2S into sulfur (S). This sulfur subsequently migrates and accumulates in the micropores of the activated carbon. As a result, the metal oxides are again available to oxidize new H2S molecules. BION carb OX achieves very effective results in the removal of other acid gases such as sulfur dioxide (SO2) and hydrogen chloride (HCl). In addition, it is a very effective granulate for the removal of volatile organic compounds, which are most likely to be found in the gas stream to be treated. Unlike other impregnated carbons, the high H2S adsorption capacity is not affected, even in the presence of high CO2 levels. In addition, it has a high ignition temperature (420 ºC), which minimizes the risk of bed fire. Thanks to these advantages, BION carb OX filter granules are ideal for use in wastewater treatment plants due to their high H2S removal efficiency, as well as their affinity for other typical malodorous compounds such as mercaptans and a wide range of volatile organic compounds. Other applications where this granulate can be used are: refineries, pulp and paper mills, pumping stations, sludge storage tanks, composting facilities, etc. Performance evaluation BION offers a customized service through a close relationship with our partners and end customers, which continues once the solution has been implemented. Chemco and Bioconservacion visit this plant once the contract has been awarded, before the supply of the filter granulates and during the changeover, in order to witness the installation and answer any questions that may arise. BION also offers the service of performing a remaining life analysis of the filtering granulates, halfway through their estimated life, in order to optimize the replacement of the granulate mix, in the event that the actual working conditions differ from the initial ones taken into account in the characterization.READ MORE »
Odour prevention in wastewater treatment plants. Case: Cambrils WWTP The Catalan Water Agency (ACA) commissioned a project to minimize the emission of odors from the primary sedimentation tanks of the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) of Cambrils (Tarragona), emissions that usually generated complaints from the neighborhood. BION was selected as the candidate to carry out an interesting project that consisted in the treatment of gas phase pollutants (mainly H2S) emitted into the atmosphere. The main source of odors in the primary settling tanks is the area where the clarified water falls to the next stage of treatment through small water jumps. It is at this point that significant amounts of volatile organic and inorganic compounds are released. Bioconservacion suggested covering this area in order to prevent the release of free H2S into the atmosphere. Once this space was confined, two reactors were installed, packed with specific filter media for H2S elimination, namely BION Carb OX (with an adsorption capacity of up to 80% by weight). Both reactors were designed to treat up to 750 m3 / h. Implementation A possible solution in this case is to confine the settler by installing a dome covering the entire tank and connecting the gas phase to media-packed reactors. In this case, a 29 m diameter dome would be needed and the required processing capacity would be 20,000 m3/h. However, by confining only the problematic zone (outer crown) the flow to be treated would decrease to 1,500 m3/h. Obviously, this proposal also represents a much more economically advantageous civil work than a total confinement. In summary, the solution proposed by Bioconservacion represented a 50% saving in the initial investment compared to the usual solutions for this type of facility, and also a significant reduction in subsequent operating costs. In addition, the crown covers were designed in such a way that they could be removed from the perimeter of the sedimentation tank to facilitate maintenance tasks. Removable cover along the perimeter of one of the primary sedimentation tanks This installation was carried out at the end of June 2010, and since then, problems related to nuisance odor emissions have ceased. Since its implementation, Bioconservacion has supplied the filter media and has maintained close contact with the plant's personnel. This collaboration allows us to better understand the real needs of each sector and to develop products that are better adapted to them. Among the projects that the Research and Development Department is working on, there is one that aims to carry out field tests with a new filter media developed specifically for environments with humidity above 99%. Discussions are currently underway with the Cambrils WWTP to carry them out jointly at their facilities.READ MORE »
The presence of microorganisms in wastewater causes a decrease in dissolved oxygen as it is consumed in their metabolism. The greater the number of microorganisms, the greater the biological demand for oxygen. When this demand exceeds that which can be provided by air exchange, then an anaerobic process begins, creating a reducing environment that favors the release of odor-causing compounds in WWTPs: Sulfur derivatives (H2S and mercaptans). nitrogen derivatives (NH3 and amines) Acid derivatives (acetic) Aldehydes, ketones and esters derivatives. This is why it is vital to seek solutions to the problem of bad odors and to implement deodorization treatments. BION and the Besós Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP), managed by Aigües de Barcelona, have reached a collaboration agreement to conduct various field tests on new products. The agreement allows BION to use the Besos facilities to conduct tests on new filter media for air deodorization. The Besós WWTP is currently using BION filter media in several of the Side Access type units used to deodorize certain parts of the plant. A first stage is being used with BION carb OX and a second with a Bion+/AC blend (material that will continue to be supplied on a regular basis). In the last year, BION has developed the BION carb ODR filter media, a new carbon-based filter media with a high H2S removal capacity and mechanical properties. Thus, it is proposed to carry out stability tests of the BION carb ODR filter media in an equipment where there are extreme conditions to which the media is to be tested, so we intend to: Validate the BION carb ODR filter media under saturation conditions. Evaluate the critical parameters (operation time, conditions, etc.) that cause the loss of the mechanical properties of the BION carb ODR product. BION's technical personnel will periodically carry out exhaustive monitoring of different variables in order to obtain a good characterization of the installation and to be able to draw the most significant conclusions possible. The variables to be monitored are as follows: Inlet humidity and temperature and between equipment sections. Concentration of total H2S/VOCs at the inlet and outlet of the equipment. Pressure drop in the different stages of the equipment. Inlet flow rate to the equipment. With the results obtained, an exhaustive study will be carried out in order to evaluate if there is a possibility of improving the operation of this type of equipment.READ MORE »
Odor Control in Pesticide Plants: Volatile Elimination Chemical formulation plants are susceptible to emissions of unpleasant volatile compounds and unpleasant odors, which makes it essential to implement effective odor control treatments. Specifically, in the northwest of Spain, there is one of the oldest industrial locations for the manufacture of phytosanitary products in the country, with facilities located relatively close to inhabited areas. Recently, one of the plants, specifically the plant dedicated to the formulation of solid pesticides, underwent a complete modernization and automation of the manufacturing process, applying criteria of maximum safety and minimum human contact. For regulatory and safety reasons, the formulation includes certain volatile compounds with a very unpleasant odor and a very low odor detection limit. In addition, the product, once packaged, must contain a very small amount of fines. That is why the last stage of the process consists of a dust removal fluid bed, which is placed just before the packaging machine. This fluidized bed for the elimination of fines moves a relatively high air flow (6000 Nm3/h), emitting a quantity of unpleasant smelling additives to the outside. As this bed is open to the outside, it causes problems of occupational hygiene in the work environment, and in some cases complaints about unpleasant odors in the neighborhood near the plant. THE SOLUTION Bioconservacion was contacted by the manufacturer of the fluidized bed equipment to find a solution for treating unpleasant odors. Tests were conducted in BION's laboratory, reproducing the operating conditions of the fluidized bed for eliminating fines on a small scale. For this purpose, the end customer, within the agreed confidentiality terms, provided the necessary data and reagents to reproduce the problem. Various BION filter media were tested under these conditions. With the data from the laboratory pilot test, Bioconservacion's engineering department was able to size an integral solution for optimal odor control. The recommended filtration equipment, due to the relatively high flow rate to be treated and the need not to affect the existing process, was a SAH unit (Side Access Modular Filter Unit) with 18 modules. The PP18, V-shaped modules allow for an optimal solution in terms of equipment size, minimum pressure drop and removal efficiency. Moreover, the entire unit is at ground level, with side doors, which allow a quick change and a very safe handling of the used modules. After analyzing the data resulting from the filter media tested in the pilot plant, the recommended filter media to use was BION AC, activated carbon specially designed for the removal of high molecular weight compounds. Once the proposed solution has been implemented, Bioconservacion ensures the correct operation of the filtration equipment and the optimization of the filter media. Periodically, the client obtains representative samples of the different filters and sends them to the BION laboratory to analyze the degree of saturation of the filter media. In this way, BION recommends to the customer to change the filter at the right time, with a prudent time before the saturation of the filter media to avoid odor problems.READ MORE »
The environment in a refinery is highly corrosive, which makes it necessary to implement control systems not only to protect people but also the equipment that controls the processes to ensure their reliability. Bioconservacion has equipment specially designed for the safety of people, to protect against corrosion in control rooms and cabinet pressurization equipment. Some CEPSA refineries in Spain have installed some of this equipment. Specifically, the CEPSA Gibraltar San Roque refinery in Cadiz was equipped with a packed bed system for personal safety, specifically a Packed Bed System (PBS). The packed bed system includes the following filters: - G4 particulate filter, this is a pre-filter that collects dust and traps larger particles, protecting grids and granulates. - Vertical beds, the air passes through the holes in the perforated plate and passes through the BION filter media, which are determined according to the pollutants to be treated. The filling of these vertical beds is a relatively simple job. No tools or highly skilled specialists are required. - Final particulate filter type F7, this is a higher efficiency filter for particulate removal. The equipment has to protect a room of 155 cubic meters where, if necessary, seven to nine people would be accommodated for a time of 20 to 30 minutes. This time should be achieved with two different contamination scenarios: - Scenario 1, 10280.00 mg/m3 SH2 80%+various hydrocarbons 20%. - Scenario 2, 10900.00 mg/m3 HF. The CEPSA Tenerife refinery has installed a UPP (Positive Pressurization Unit) where part of the outside air is taken, cleaned and pressurized in a control room of about 60 square meters. Additionally, a part of the air is used to re-circulate and clean the air from possible indoor contaminants and door openings. It is designed to provide positive pressurization with air free of corrosive gases in environments containing computers, control rooms, motor control centers and electronic or electrical equipment. There are two types of configurations: horizontal and vertical. However, the equipment is tailor-made according to the customer's particular needs and desired specification. There are different filter media to remove various types of gases. The most common are: hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, chlorine compounds and ammonia. In the refinery there is a set of transformers that switch from 220 to 110 v. The electrical cabinet pressurization equipment installed there must meet two requirements: it must be sufficiently ventilated so that the equipment does not heat up and the air introduced into it must be cleaned. Bioconservacion has a fully equipped laboratory to ensure good corrosion control. By analyzing coupons, corrosive agents are characterized and the aggressiveness of the environment is classified according to the ISA 71.04 standard. The laboratory is also capable of measuring the remaining life of filter media, a service it offers to its customers to ensure timely replacement of media.READ MORE »
BION has successfully carried out the elimination of toxic and corrosive gases, we are referring to H2S and Ammonia, from the hazardous waste blending and neutralization project that the company Hidronor, Gestión y Tratamiento de Residuos, carries out in the town of Noviciado near the Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport in Santiago de Chile. Its work process generates an important emission of gases from storage tanks and in blending and neutralization processes, acid and basic. Hidronor, specialized in the neutralization and final disposal of hazardous waste that by law cannot be disposed in sanitary landfills (place where only organic waste must arrive), entrusted BION with the job of eliminating the hazardous waste neutralization process, which until then generated approximately 200 ppm of hydrogen sulfide gas and 50 ppm of ammonia. For this purpose, BION, after receiving information about the emissions and the quality of its facilities, used a deep bed with 3 different chemical media, BION Oxyl, BION Ac Active Max and BION ACPA, specific for the elimination of the aforementioned gases and with which the generation of gases, caused by the process, are totally controlled for up to 6 months of continuous operation. Regulations in the chemical or process industries Santiago de Chile was declared a couple of years ago as a contamination saturated zone, so filtering products must be of high quality. Hidronor and other chemical or process industries are controlled with strict environmental standards that must be met, or they could be shut down. That is why after being installed our chemical media Hidronor becomes one of those companies that satisfactorily comply with these regulations. Technical specifications and results of the emissions neutralization project at the Hazardous Waste Neutralization Plant. Solution Delivered BION Oxyl | Acid Gases BION Ac Active Max | Voc's BION ACPA - Basic Ammonia Gases Container Unit Basic Acid Scrubber and Dry Scrubber for 1800 Kilos built by Subsole Servicios Ltda. In 2015, to remove up to 3500ppm H2S. Issuance result Between 0 and 2 ppm for 6 months.READ MORE »
Controlling odor emissions at wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is a priority objective for management entities, in order to ensure the well-being of workers and minimize the impact these facilities have on the environment. Bioconservacion has the solution to treat the emission of odor-causing gases, ensuring compliance with environmental regulations and improving the quality of life of workers and neighbors. In this article, we will present a real and successful experience in Poland, specifically at the Poznań wastewater treatment plant, where BION air filtration systems have been implemented. Project context. At the end of 2014, the Poznan wastewater treatment plant (PolandI) completed a project to modernize its facilities, renovating and expanding the existing plant to be able to reach a treatment capacity of an average flow of 250,000 m3/day, in compliance with European and national regulations. Thanks to this project, wastewater treatment coverage is expected to reach 99.6% by 2020, reducing wastewater discharge to the Warta River by 33,000 m3/day. Moreover, the modernization will allow the reuse of almost 100% of the sludge. This will be possible thanks to the application of this sludge as landfill cover and/or as raw material for bio-fuel production. In addition, the project contemplated investments for the reduction of odor emissions, significantly improving the living conditions around the plant in order to restore the attractiveness of this area. Odor control The total air flow is 48,000 m3/h. After a first treatment by a Biotrickling phase, the air flow is divided into four 12,000 m3/h sub-lines. The air flow of each of these sub-lines is passed through a double bed adsorption scrubber, where each bed is purifying 6,000 m3/h. The filter media recommended by Bioconservacion for this project: A specific mixture of BION Carb OX and BION KOH, for H2S and mercaptans removal. BION ACPA for the removal of NH3 BION Active Max for the removal of VOC's Schematic diagram of the odor treatment plantREAD MORE »
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